Top : Adult Learning and Andragogy : Critiques:

Adult learning and andragogy have been subject to criticism from the academic world and practitioners. Here you can find information about the weak points of adult learning theory, and why it's simply not accurate as a guide for instruction and training.

Knowles' andragogy: an angle on adult learning By na
A short editorial type commentary on Knowles and his andragogy approach. Contains some useful references. Hits: 552 )

Believing Adults Will Act Like Adults When In Learning Situations - Stupid Trainer Tricks By Robert Bacal
Commentary - when adults don't behave like adults in the training classroom. Hits: 439 )

Malcolm Knowles' Theory of Andragogy: A Critique. By Hartree, Anne
(Note: This is an abstract) The author suggests that Knowles's concept of andragogy offers a philosophical position rather than a unified theory of adult learning. She examines weaknesses of the theory and discusses it in relation to humanistic psychology and existentialism. Hits: 703 )

Andragogy Revisited: Theory for the 21st Century ? By Ralf St. Clair
An examination of the usefulness of Andragogy as a model and theory for the 21st Centure. Hits: 549 )

Stupid Trainer Tricks - Believing All Adults Are Self-Directed Learners By Robert Bacal
Critique of the idea that all adults are self-directed learners. Hits: 548 )

Andragogy's Detectives: A Critique of the Present and a Proposal for the Future By John R. Rachal
An abstract of a paper from the Adult Education Quarterly. Included as a possible reference for people looking for critiques of Knowles' formulation. Hits: 730 )

| Library Home Page |
Pages Updated On: 25-Feb-2014 - 08:20:13
Bad Resources Removed Dec. 10, 2012

About Company

Bacal & Associates is a small training, consulting and publishing company specializing in customer service, communication, performance management, and other management challenges.

Privacy Policy

Our Related Sites

It Takes A Village To Teach A Child
For teachers, educational administrators and parents.

All About The Workplace
Our main site with over 400 articles on life in the workplace.

Improving Customer Service
Dedicated to improving customer service, and customer service strategies for business

Small Business Resource Center
For all things related to small business owners and those considering starting a small business


We believe in a lean, information packed user experience. We limit the use of graphics and stress quality content. We also believe in a NO HYPE environment. Our product and service descriptions are free of overblown claims, and selling.

Get in Touch

  • Phone:
    (613) 764-0241
  • Email:
  • Address:
    722 St. Isidore Rd.
    Casselman, Ontario, Canada
  • K0A 1M0